The German government has set binding greenhouse gas emission reductions for the transport sector in the Climate Protection Act. In all probability, electricity-based fuels (eFuels) will be indispensable in selected segments in the future in order to make the transport sector climate-neutral in its entirety. This is because not every transport application can be electrified or otherwise efficiently made climate-neutral.
A necessary prerequisite for achieving climate protection targets is the introduction of renewable fuels, especially in air and sea transport, but also in long-distance road haulage. Depending on the area of application, advanced biofuels or electricity-based fuels based on RE electricity can be used to reduce greenhouse gases in the relevant transport subsectors. With a few exceptions and only in comparatively small quantities, these renewable fuels have not yet been established on the market.
The funding concept comprises several measures to provide technology-neutral support for renewable fuels. The BMVI has a total of around 1.54 billion euros in funding available for these measures from the Energy and Climate Fund (EKF) and from the National Hydrogen Strategy over the period 2021 to 2024.
1. funding for development projects: the BMVI is investing 640 million euros here in application-oriented development and demonstration projects and for innovation clusters on renewable fuels.
2. funding for production and market ramp-up facilities: The BMVI is investing a further 900 million euros in renewable fuels.