Parking and charging in the city

In the joint project Parking and Charging in the City (Parken und Laden in der Stadt, PuLS), charging infrastructure is to be established in urban areas in Dortmund and embedded in the electromobility and charging infrastructure strategy of the city of Dortmund. In the project, the charging infrastructure is to be set up on private land, but made publicly available via a sharing platform, taking into account energy network aspects, and thus contribute to accelerating the switch to electric mobility in Dortmund. In a cross-system approach, existing barriers to the penetration of electric mobility in the urban environment are actively addressed and the limitation of infrastructure resources from the areas of energy (power grid) and mobility (traffic/parking space) are optimally exploited in a holistic concept. This cross-system approach connects systems that were previously separate from one another and thus leverages potential in urban areas that would otherwise remain closed to electromobility.


    • Rauma, T. Simolin, A. Rautiainen, P. Järventausta and C. Rehtanz, Overcoming non-idealities in electric vehicle charging management, IET Electrical Systems in Transportation, 2021.
    • Simolin, K. Rauma, A. Rautiainen, P. Järventausta and C. Rehtanz, Foundation for adaptive charging solutions: Optimised use of electric vehicle charging capacity, IET Smart Grid, 2021.
    • Rauma, T. Simolin, P. Järventausta, A. Rautiainen and C. Rehtanz, Network-adaptive and capacity-efficient electric vehicle charging site, IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution, 2021.
    • Simolin, K. Rauma, P. Järventausta and A. Rautiainen, Optimized con­trolled charging of electric vehicles under peak power-based electricity pricing, IET Smart Grid, 2020.
    • Simolin, K. Rauma, R. Viri, J. Mäkinen, A. Rautiainen and P. Järventausta, Charging powers of the electric vehicle fleet: Evolution and implications at commercial charging sites, Applied Energy, 2021.
    • Rauma, A. Funke, T. Simolin, P. Järventausta and C. Rehtanz, Electric Vehicles as a Flexibility Provider: Optimal Charging Schedules to Improve the Quality of Charging Service, Electricity, 2021.
    • Unterluggauer, K. Rauma, P. Järventausta and C. Rehtanz, Short-term load forecasting at electric vehicle charging sites using a multivariate multi-step long short-term memory: A case study from Finland, IET Electrical Systems in Transportation, 2021.
    • Caro, G. Ramos, K. Rauma, D. Celeita, D. Montenegro and C. Rehtanz, State of Charge Influence on the Harmonic Distortion from Electric Vehicle Charging, IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 2021.
    • Rautiainen, K. Rauma, L. Rohde, A. Supponen, F. Raulf, C. Rehtanz and P. Järventausta, Anatomy of electric vehicle fast charging: peak shaving through a battery energy storage – a case study from Oslo, IET Electrical Systems in Transportation, 2020.
    • García Veloso, K. Rauma, J. Fernández and C. Rehtanz,Real-Time Control of Plug-in Electric Vehicles for Congestion Management of Radial LV Networks: A Comparison of Implementations, Energies, 2020.
    • Fenner, K. Rauma, A. Rautiainen, A. Supponen, C. Rehtanz and P. Järventausta, Quantification of peak shaving capacity in electric vehicle charging – findings from case studies in Helsinki Region, IET Smart Grid, 2020.


    • Simolin, K. Rauma, A. Rautiainen and P. Järventausta, Realistic QoS optimization potential in commercial EV charging sites through pricing-based prioritization, CIRED, Genf, 2021.

Funding Code

Partner Start of term End of term Funding amount
intessence solutions GmbH01.12.1931.05.23511,361.00 €
Technische Universität Dortmund01.12.1931.05.23558,086.00 €
Fachhochschule Dortmund01.12.1931.05.23315,628.14 €
Stadt Dortmund01.12.1931.05.23183,891.00 €
Dortmunder Energie- und Wasserversorgung Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung01.12.1931.05.2345,366.27 €
ef.Ruhr GmbH01.12.1931.05.23270,112.00 €
Wirelane GmbH01.12.1931.05.23375,237.00 €
2,259,681.41 €